from Pradodesign A Seamstress’s Autobiographical Text Embroidered Onto Her 19th-Century Straightjacket
German seamstress Agnes Richter (1844–1918) was a patient at the Heidelberg Psychiatric Clinic during the 1890s. While held at the asylum she would densely embroider her standard issue straightjacket, stitching the object with words, phrases, and diaristic entries in deutsche schrift, an old German script. The layers of language make it difficult to distinguish a beginning or end to the writing, and only fragmented phrases have been deciphered from the jacket such as “I am not big,” “I wish to read,” and “I plunge headlong into disaster.”
The object is a part of the Prinzhorn Collection at the University of Heidelberg Psychiatric Clinic, named after collector and psychiatrist Hans Prinzhorn. The collection contains over 5,000 paintings, wooden sculptures, sketches, and other art-based ephemera from patients at the hospital, collected by the psychiatrist during the early 20th-century. This vast collection of work made by psychiatric patients has had a major influence on a modern understanding of “outsider art,” or the artwork created by self-taught artists who have had little to no contact with the mainstream art world.
Over a century later, the jacket remains a powerful item, a lasting object that showcases how one woman transformed a sterile and impersonal garment into a rich record of her life’s journey. (via #WOMENSART)
Left image via This Is Not Modern Art tumblr, right image via The Lulubird
via The Lulubird
from Pradodesign Breaking: Active shooter reported at YouTube HQ
Reports of an active shooter at YouTube’s San Bruno, CA headquarters have been reported on social media.
Active shooter at YouTube HQ. Heard shots and saw people running while at my desk. Now barricaded inside a room with coworkers.
— Vadim Lavrusik (@Lavrusik) April 3, 2018
We will update this story as we learn more.
from Pradodesign Spotify traded down 10% on first day, achieved $26.6 billion market cap
Spotify is done with its long-awaited “direct listing” experiment. The music streaming company went public without the IPO.
After completing its first trade halfway through the day at $165.90, Spotify fell to $149.60. It was a down day on the stock market, but at a $26.6 billion market cap, it’s up from the private market trading that happened in the months leading up to the IPO.
The top end of that range, $132, was used as a “reference point,” valuing the company at $23.5 billion. Since there was no IPO price, that demarcation is being used to say that Spotify traded up about 13% on its first day.
Yet while it achieved a desirable market cap, some on Wall Street are puzzled as to why Spotify would want to go public without raising money.
One myth that’s been floating around is that Spotify did this to avoid paying bankers. In fact, they worked with Morgan Stanley, Goldman Sachs and Allen & Co. in the lead up to the debut.
They did not eliminate the investment banks, but they did manage to avoid the dreaded “lock-up” expiration, which is when most employees and insiders are allowed to sell shares. This is usually about six months after an IPO.
Some are wondering if Spotify’s debut will be replicated in the future.
“The direct listing is really interesting as a potential roadmap for future companies because the price that Spotify now trades it as a real price without any of the distortions which come from a lockup or a banker-managed process,” said Chi-Hua Chen, managing partner at Goodwater Capital. Chen invested in Spotify when he was at Kleiner Perkins. He believes that “the price is as real an expression of the value of the company as possible, which makes it an interesting case study for future companies moving into the public markets.”
Apart from the change in process, this debut also felt different from IPOs because there was no celebration. There was no bell-ringing and no Spotify employees cheering from the floor.
Outside the New York Stock Exchange, there was a Spotify banner to commemorate the event. And next to it, there was a Swiss flag meant to honor them. The only problem is, Spotify is Swedish.
from Pradodesign Why 2018 will be the year apps go to the edge
If you’re running a software company today, it’s almost a foregone conclusion that most or all of your apps will run in the cloud. Likely Amazon or Google’s. It’s hard to imagine that this wasn’t always the case, but there are still some late adopters migrating their own physical data centers into managed ones. And, as with all trends in technology, this too shall pass. Just when you were getting comfortable with containers and auto-scaling, a new architecture emerges, swinging the pendulum back to a truly distributed world.
What’s wrong with the cloud?
A typical self-driving car generates up to 100MB of data per second from a combination of cameras, LIDARs, accelerometers and on-board computers. That data needs to be processed nearly instantly to keep the car on the road. With so much data to sift through, the current generation of cellular networks can’t keep up. By the time data arrives in the cloud, it will be too late. Instead, data needs to be processed as close to the sensors as possible, directly at the edge of networks, on the cars themselves.
Most of us aren’t building or riding in self-driving cars (yet), but there’s a good chance we’re already interacting with edge computing every day. Neural networks in smart speakers in almost 40 million American homes are listening for words like “Alex,” “Siri” or “Google” and, according to Statista, 3 billion Snapchats are scanned for faces each day in order to add the addicting face filters. By the end of the year, 20 percent of smartphones globally will have hardware-accelerated machine learning capabilities.
How did we get here?
All of these apps and devices are made possible by two major trends: advances in deep learning algorithms that help computers see, hear and understand and the proliferation of specialized processors like GPUs and TPUs that can run these algorithms efficiently, even in mobile environments.
Neural networks and deep learning aren’t new. In fact, the first artificial neural networks were created in the 1950s, and there have been multiple false starts since.This time, though, the abundance of labeled training data and compute power made it feasible to train these large models. Though AI research is still proceeding at a breakneck pace, fields like computer vision are starting to mature. Developers can choose from a variety of standardized model architectures, publicly available training data sets and tools. You no longer need a PhD just to get started. Technology is being democratized.
Tools and hardware are improving so quickly it’s hard to keep up.
Hardware is catching up, fast. Machine learning algorithms like neural networks are really just long sequences of matrix multiplications. Specialized processors like GPUs and newer neural processing units like those in Apple’s A11 Bionic chip and Google’s Tensor Processing Unit (TPU) are optimized for exactly these mathematical operations, offering 10-100x speedups over traditional CPUs while using less power overall. As major chip manufacturers roll out mobile-ready machine learning accelerators, every device will soon have the power to run the latest AI models.
The edge = new opportunity
Big data, data science, machine learning and now deep learning have been slowly weaving their way into products and companies for the past decade. Most of the time, this happened behind the scenes, up in the cloud. Data warehouses and analytics pipelines process records en masse. Results are made accessible to end users through APIs and database queries. That’s not going away, but the edge presents a new opportunity to use the predictive capabilities of machine learning models more quickly.
Now, the algorithms move to the data. Information is processed in real time, as soon as it’s captured by the sensor, and results are available immediately. In this latency-free world, entirely new user experiences are possible. Your phone’s screen becomes a portal to a world of augmented reality. Products can be personalized for a single user while private data never leaves the device. Applications become ambient and frictionless, anticipating questions and answering them before you ask.
It doesn’t take a PhD
When done right, experiences made with AI and edge computing feel like magic, but building them is incredibly complex. There is a divide between the tech stacks used to train and deploy machine learning models in the cloud and the ones used to build applications for edge devices, like smartphones and IoT. Neural networks can replace thousands of lines of procedural code, but fail in unexpected, silent ways and need to be tested differently. Performance issues that can be solved by simply adding more compute or memory from a near infinite cloud call for specialized optimization when they occur out on edge devices we don’t control. Even the programming languages preferred by the cloud are different than those running applications on mobile devices.
This is starting to change. Tools and hardware are improving so quickly it’s hard to keep up. Heavyweights like Apple and Google have made mobile machine learning frameworks (Core ML and TensorFlow Lite, respectively) centerpieces of their latest developer offerings. More export options and better interoperability are being added to tools like AWS’s SageMaker, Azure’s ML Studio and IBM’s Watson Studio weekly.
It’s time to start thinking about ways you can improve your applications by leveraging machine learning and edge computing. It doesn’t take a PhD in AI or years of experience to get started anymore — and if you don’t act quickly, you risk getting left behind.
from Pradodesign No Is a Full Sentence T-Shirt
A while back I tweeted “No is a full sentence”, which Debbie Millman turned into a t-shirt over at Cotton Bureau. HOW FUN!
from Pradodesign Trump should invest in Amazon, not destroy it
For those who live under a rock (which, these days, I would recommend), President Donald Trump has become increasingly belligerent towards Amazon and its founder, Jeff Bezos.
In addition to a sequence of tweets against the ecommerce and cloud giant , Gabriel Sherman reported in Vanity Fair yesterday that “Now, according to four sources close to the White House, Trump is discussing ways to escalate his Twitter attacks on Amazon to further damage the company. ‘He’s off the hook on this. It’s war,’ one source told me. ‘He gets obsessed with something, and now he’s obsessed with Bezos,’ said another source. ‘Trump is like, how can I fuck with him?’”
‘How can I fuck with them?’ could also describe America’s backwards approach to its flagging prowess in critical technology fields, policies that stand in stark contrast to the massive and focused investment of strategic adversaries like China.
Through its Made in China 2025 plan, China is putting in place a series of initiatives to dominate the future of technologies like 5G wireless networking, artificial intelligence, cloud computing, biotechnology, and semiconductors. It is working to raise about $36 billion for a new semiconductor fund, potentially spend $411 billion on 5G infrastructure, and create a massive domestic market for overseas stocks through Chinese Depositary Receipts.
China selects, grows, and champions a set of winners in each industry in order to concentrate resources and increase the probability of success globally for its chosen companies. As Antonio Graceffo described in Foreign Policy Journal, “National champions are companies which help further the government’s strategic aims and in return, the government supports these companies by providing easier access to financing, giving preference in government contract bidding, and sometimes oligarchy or monopoly status in protected industries, giving these companies a number of advantages over their competitors.”
One has to look no further than Huawei to see the benefits of these policies. Huawei was an unknown player when it started roughly three decades ago, but through an aggressive expansion plan and a wellspring of government support, it has emerged to be the single largest manufacturer of telecommunications networking equipment in the world, surpassing Ericsson back in 2012. The company had revenues of $92 billion last year, and it is taking an early lead in the 5G wireless standards race, which could give it a powerful position to shape the future of connectivity in the years to come.
Meanwhile, the leadership of the United States is increasingly targeting the tech sector — one of the few areas of true vibrancy in the American economy — and trying to undermine it at every turn. The Trump administration has announced tariffs on high-tech goods that will end up harming U.S. technology exports, rolled back net neutrality legislation, and now is talking out loud about breaking up Amazon through antitrust laws.
On the latter, it’s not just Trump calling for war against America’s tech leaders: there is a growing movement against companies like Google and Apple which has led to increasing calls for antitrust action from both right-wing and left-wing policy analysts.
There are good reasons to be concerned about market dominance — it limits consumer choice and often rises prices. However, there are obvious limitations on how many competitors can enter markets like wireless infrastructure and cloud computing. The upfront costs are exorbitant — just launching a single data center today can easily cost hundreds of millions of dollars or more, and conducting original R&D in a competitive industry like artificial intelligence is equally expensive when a machine learning expert can go for tens of millions of dollars.
We are never going to have five Googles, nor five Dropboxes or five Amazons — the economics in these markets just don’t work that way. Their scale is what allows them to offer such comprehensive services at such low cost to consumers. Knocking out Apple is really opening the American market to the next four smartphone manufacturers, which would be Asian manufacturers like Samsung, Huawei, Lenovo, and Xiaomi. That sounds like a pyrrhic victory to me.
The U.S. believes in the power of free markets to cull losers and ensure winners a fair return, and the government avoids picking “winners” as a matter of course in its industrial policy. That worked great when the American economy was dominant, but it is no longer tenable in a world where strategic adversaries are putting their full weight behind a handful of companies.
So instead of getting on The Twitter and blasting Amazon, maybe this administration should start to consider that Amazon’s size and dominance in ecommerce and cloud services is actually an incredible blessing of American capitalism. Maybe it should start to think about how the govenrmetn could assist Amazon in capturing more overseas markets, ensuring that the wealth generated by the company continues to return to its home country.
The threats faced by American tech companies parallel similar fears of the 1980s, when Japan’s resurgence on the world stage captivated the attention of U.S. politicians. China though is nearly eleven times the population of Japan, and has already overtaken the U.S. economy by some measures. This time really is very different, and the free market needs defenders. Ironically, that means backing American tech giants globally against their competitors.
from Pradodesign MIT cuts ties with brain preservation startup Nectome
MIT is disassociating itself from Nectome, the Y Combinator-backed startup promising to preserve customers’ brains for the possibility of future digital upload.
Co-founder Robert McIntyre described the procedure as “100 percent fatal” — it involves connecting terminally ill patients to a machine that pumps embalming fluids into their arteries.
The company has collected (refundable) $10,000 payments for a wait list, but its website now carries a note in “response to recent press,” suggesting that the company would only carry the procedure out after further research:
We believe that clinical human brain preservation has immense potential to benefit humanity, but only if it is developed in the light, with input from medical and neuroscience experts. We believe that rushing to apply vitrification today would be extremely irresponsible and hurt eventual adoption of a validated protocol.
As noted in the MIT Technology Review, MIT has been criticized for potentially giving the company credibility by association — MIT Media Lab professor Edward Boyden was receiving money through a federal grant won by Nectome. (McIntyre and his co-founder Michael McCanna are both MIT graduates.)
Now the Media Lab has released a statement saying that after reviewing “the scientific premises underlying the company’s commercial plans, as well as certain public statements that the company has made,” it will “terminate the subcontract between MIT and Nectome in accordance with the terms of their agreement.”
The Media Lab says that the grant involved a research project to “combine aspects of Nectome’s chemistry with the Boyden group’s invention, expansion microscopy, to better visualize mouse brain circuits for basic science and research purposes.” Apparently Prof. Boyden has “no personal affiliation — financial, operational, or contractual — with the company Nectome.”
The statement concludes with a discussion of the science behind Nectome. The Media Lab doesn’t completely rule out the possibility of brain preservation and uploading in the future, but it suggests that science isn’t solid yet:
Neuroscience has not sufficiently advanced to the point where we know whether any brain preservation method is powerful enough to preserve all the different kinds of biomolecules related to memory and the mind. It is also not known whether it is possible to recreate a person’s consciousness.
McIntyre told the Technology Review, “We appreciate the help MIT has given us, understand their choice, and wish them the best.”
from Pradodesign Roberto Rosso Reveals Rotating House That Spins 360 Degrees
We have seen spinning towers and revolving restaurants, but have you ever lived in a rotating house?
Located in the countryside of northern Italy, a house that can turn around 360 degrees is unveiled by Italian architect Roberto Rossi. Overlooking the views of picturesque landscapes of the Italian countryside, this octagonally shaped home flexibly allows its owner to mechanical rotation either clockwise or anti-clockwise.This dynamic home is designed according to the specific requirements of the client.
The rotating house is firmly supported by a large central pillar. Other than overlooking views of the natural scenery, the rotation is used to provide the best orientation for the solar panels which are placed on the roof of the house.Rossi claims that the house is able to generate its own energy as the photovoltaic panels efficiently make use of the sun all day. Additionally, heat pumps are installed in the rotating house as well as a solar thermal system which produces energy along with the roof cells.Interestingly, this house is not the first Italian home to spin! Rossi’s rotating house is inspired by Villa Girasole; another dynamic home with rotation options designed during the 1930s by architects Angelo Invernizzi and Ettore Fagiuoli in Marcellise.
Roberto Rossi has been creating innovative designs in the field of industrial design and architecture. By creating new inventions that fit the market needs, he believes that nothing is impossible.Related news: Dubai’s Rotating Tower is Becoming Reality in 2020
All Images Courtesy Of Architect Roberto Rossi
The post Roberto Rosso Reveals Rotating House That Spins 360 Degrees appeared first on Arch2O.com.
from Pradodesign 2001: A Space Odyssey Predicted The Future—50 Years Ago Stanley Kubrick’s iconic film gave us Hal and other sci-fi elements. Here’s how they stack up against reality. https://ift.tt/2GxIcX3 https://ift.tt/1P9I4xH
from Pradodesign New NASA X-Plane Could Bring Supersonic Flight to the Masses Lockheed Martin’s Low Boom Demonstrator joins the ranks of NASA’s famed X-planes—and could bring back the age of supersonic civilian aviation that ended when the Concorde retired in 2003. https://ift.tt/2GStmxS https://ift.tt/1P9I4xH